In 1891, Theodore Thomas founded the Chicago Orchestra and served as its first music director for nearly fourteen years. But in 1864, he also founded an eponymous ensemble—the Theodore Thomas Orchestra—and for nearly three decades, they traveled around the United States, giving concerts from coast to coast.

One of Thomas’s orchestra’s most extensive tours was given between September 1872 and April 1873, culminating in a series of concerts in New York’s Steinway Hall. And for the last leg of the tour, Thomas was joined by pianist Anton Rubinstein and violinist Henryk Wieniawski.

Read more: Henryk Wieniawski and Theodore Thomas

TOP: Detail of Steinway Hall concert program for March 31, April 1, 2, and 3, 1873 | Theodore Thomas collection, Rosenthal Archives