Kaufman was already a fan of the soon-to-be-famous Williams, having enjoyed his soundtrack work for “Goodbye, Mr. Chips” (1969), a little-viewed musical remake of the 1939 film starring Robert Donat. When he told Williams as much, the maestro looked at him as if to say, “Oh, are you the one that saw it?”
And so began a decades-long professional relationship during which Kaufman would play on several more Williams soundtracks, including the one for Spielberg’s blockbuster “Close Encounters of the Third Kind” (1977).
More recently, Kaufman has toured the country conducting Williams’ music for George Lucas’ “Star Wars” films. The two shared podium duties in April 2018 when the Chicago Symphony Orchestra performed a program of Williams’ movie music, featuring many of the scores that have brought the composer five Oscars (and 52 nominations). Two months later, Kaufman returned to Symphony Center to conduct Williams’ soundtrack from “Star Wars: Episode IV — A New Hope” (1977) while the movie was projected on a screen overhead.
He’ll do the same when the CSO presents live-to-picture performances May 15 and 17 of “Jurassic Park” (1993), featuring Williams’ score.
Based on the best seller by Michael Crichton and directed by Steven Spielberg, “Jurassic Park” was the first episode in what became another film franchise that endures to this day; its latest installment, “Jurassic Park: Dominion,” is scheduled for a summer 2021 release. A thriller set in a remote island theme park where real dinosaurs have been cloned from long-dormant DNA, “Jurassic Park” centers on the theme of hubris: a scientist (Richard Attenborough) commits a sin of pride so great that he sets the stage for his eventual downfall.
In creating his “Jurassic Park” score, which Williams once described as “a rugged, massive job of symphonic cartooning,” the composer drew inspiration from sound designer Gary Rydstrom’s dinosaur noises. While trying to match the dinosaurs’ rhythmic gyrations, Williams came up with what he called “these kind of funny ballets.” Throughout the score, Williams wanted to convey “a sense of awe and fascination.”
As for what makes Williams’ film scores stand out, Kaufman prefaced his reply with insight from another Oscar-winning composer, Elmer Bernstein of “The Magnificent Seven” (1960) and “Ghostbusters” (1984) renown. More than a writer of great melodies and orchestration, Bernstein believed a successful film composer must be a top-notch dramatist who can watch a scoreless film and determine where the music should and shouldn’t go.
Williams, Kaufman believes, is a master of that: “John really appreciates great storytelling, and the music he writes truly accompanies the story and only calls attention to itself when he means for it to call attention to itself.”
Since Williams’ music is so “emotionally accessible,” Kaufman is hopeful that those who come to hear it live and have never been in a concert hall will be inspired by the experience and return for more typical orchestral fare.
Apart from the music, on a more logistical front, the process of synching soundtrack and visuals in a live setting is no easy feat. Even more challenging, Kaufman said, are the extended lulls. Unlike a typical symphony, during which an orchestra might have several bars’ rest, film scores call for musicians to stop playing for minutes at a time.
“It’s [a matter] of keeping the orchestra involved in terms of getting them to the highest level of energy very quickly after they’ve been sitting,” Kaufman said. “But when you have an orchestra like Chicago’s, whose players have a dedication and a commitment to excellence, you don’t have to do a lot to get them to be brilliant.”
It’s a different breed of brilliant that goes into playing, say, a Mozart or Beethoven symphony. “In film, the music really becomes a character, and the orchestra, in a sense, become musical actors,” Kaufman said. “In the case of a lot of orchestras, and certainly with the Chicago Symphony, they embrace this. And most of them, as they’ve expressed to me, really enjoy it.
“They really understand that the music is an important and integral part of the experience the audience will have.”
Mike Thomas, a Chicago-based writer, is the author of the books You Might Remember Me: The Life and Times of Phil Hartman and Second City Unscripted: Revolution and Revelation at the World-Famous Comedy Theater.
A version of this article appeared previously on Sounds and Stories.
TOP: John Williams (left) and Richard Kaufman pause for a photograph backstage after a CSO concert together. | ©Todd Rosenberg Photography 2018