In the early part of its history, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra was in the pit for an astonishing number of opera performances, first with singers from the Metropolitan Opera on tour at the Auditorium Theatre (from 1891 through 1899) and again with Ravinia Park Opera in Highland Park (from 1912 until 1931). This included fifty performances of Pietro Mascagni‘s Cavalleria rusticana featuring some of the greatest singers of the era in the role of Santuzza.

Read more: Chicago’s Santuzzas

TOP: Emma Calvé, Florence Easton, Rosa Raisa, and Elisabeth Rethberg | Photos by J. Beagles and Co., Georg Gerlach & Co., Orlandini, and Willott